DNA Project FAQ

Questions and Answers about our Ballew DNA Project

Q: What is the purpose of the Ballew DNA Project?

A: The project hopes to identify Ballew (or variations of Ballew such as Belew, Ballou, Bellew, etc.) lines through the surname.

Q: What is the DNA used in the Genealogy Projects?

A: The Y-chromosome DNA is used in genealogy projects usually. The Y-Chromosome is unique to the surname and is passed almost unchanged from the father to his sons and so on.

Q: Does the Y-chromosome DNA ever changes?

A: Studies show that certain markers of the DNA do change, but at a very slow rate. That is to say, they change in a 500-year period. Other elements change even slower.

Q: What about DNA from the female relative?

A: The female mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) is not as reliable at this time and is rarely used in genealogy.

Q: How do I collect a DNA sample?

A: Once you have the DNA kit, you simply rub the cheek inside your mouth, put the swab in the vial provided in the kit, seal it and mail to back for analysis. To be sure you get a valid sample, you do the procedure twice.

Q: How long does it take to get the result of my DNA?

A: A 12 marker DNA is usually completed in about 5 weeks. If you opt for the 25 marker DNA, the balance is completed in another 2 weeks.

Q: What is the difference between the 12 marker and the 25 marker DNA?

A: The big difference is the accuracy of matching your DNA to someone else’s DNA. With the 12 DNA marker, a 12/12 match indicates a 50% chance of a common ancestor in 15 generations. With the 25 marker, a 25/25 match indicates a 50% chance of a common ancestor in 7.5 generations.

Q: Where do I find out more about genealogy DNA?

A: There are a lot of web sites that discuss DNA. Since our DNA project is handled through the Family Tree DNA, start with the http://www.familytreedna.com Follow the links to various discussions of the DNA project and results.
Q: How do I participate in the DNA project?

A: Contact Paul Ballew for instructions and to order a kit at paulballew@bellsouth.net .

Q: What is the cost for a test kit and the analysis?

A: Presently, the cost for a 12-marker kit is $99.00 and the cost for a 25-marker kit is $148.00 the 37 Marker test is $189 and the new* 67 marker test is $269, Upgrades are reduced cost like from a 25 maker test to a 37 marker is less cost.


DNA Project Questions:

How do I contribute to a group project’s general fund?

Anyone may contribute to a group project’s general fund. To do so:

  1. Go to the General Fund Donation page.
  2. In the second menu, select the name of the project.
  3. In the Donation Amount: field, enter the amount you wish to donate.
  4. Fill out the Donation Type:, Donor Name:, and Note: fields.
  5. Click the PayPal button and complete their form.

Note: The general fund money is used at the Group Administrator’s discretion. Before you contribute to a general fund, it is a good idea to contact the project administrator to let them know how you would like funds to be spent.

I’ve already tested. How do I join or remove myself from a project?

Once your results are posted online, you will be able to join or remove yourself from group projects at will using your myFTDNA account.

To join a project:

  • Login to your myFTDNA account. (https://www.familytreedna.com/login.aspx)
  • Click on Join on the Projects menu on the myFTDNA Menu bar.
  • Use the project index and search projects options to find projects that interest you.
    When you find a project in which to participate, click on the Join button.

To leave a project:

  • Login to your myFTDNA account. (https://www.familytreedna.com/login.aspx)
  • Click on Manage on the Projects menu on the myFTDNA Menu bar.
  • Click on the Leave Project link next to the project you wish to remove yourself from.
  • Fill out the form to explain why you are leaving. This will be read by the project’s group administrator.